Youth Employment – What Every Employer Should Know


Hiring young workers can be very beneficial to employers to supplement their full time workforce. In addition, early work experiences can often provide career paths for youth employees. However, youth employment can be tricky especially when employing workers less than 18 years of age. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) continues to promote a positive and safe work experience during the employment period. Please consider the following guidelines when hiring for your position:

  • Diligently keep track of daily and weekly hours worked and the job performed within your company
  • Workers under age 18 are subject to Federal Child Labor Provisions
  • 14 – 15 must observe restrictions under the Fair Labor Standards Act which protects the youth by limiting the hours worked and types of jobs performed. For example, no more than 3 hours per day or 18 hours in a school week. Youths can work 8 hours on a non-school day and 40 hours in a non-school week. Also consider that the youth can work in a variety of jobs however, make sure the job is not hazardous and the job performed is on the recommended occupation list provided by DOL. Refer to this link for more information –
  • Age 14 is generally the minimum age for any youth to become employed under FLSA rules.
  • As an additional resource consult YOUTH RULES as part of the DOL’s guide to employment at